The Trans-Siberian Railway

The longest railway line in the world, the Trans-Siberian Railway, connects Moscow with the Russian Far East and over to the Sea of Japan. Many branches of the railway also connect China, North Korea, and Mongolia.

After the Moscow-Pyongyang Railway and the Kiev-Vladivostok Railway, the Trans-Siberian Railway is the third longest single continuous service on Earth. The railway spans an impressive seven time zones and takes eight days to complete the journey. The railway is often associated with the main transcontinental Russian line connecting hundreds of cities, big and small, of the Asian and European parts of Russia.

Dating back to 1890, on orders from Tsar Nicholas II, the Russian Far East section of the Trans-Siberian Railway was constructed to provide the tsar and his staff the opportunity to travel in comfort across the wilderness of Siberia. Beginning in Moscow, the main route of the railway starts at Yaroslavsky Vokzal and runs through Yaroslavl, Chelyabinsk, Omsk, Novosibirsk, Irkutsk, Ulan-Ude, Chita, and Khabarovsk to Vladivostok.

In addition, a Russian administration based in Harbin built the Chinese Eastern Railway, the Russo-Chinese section of the Trans-Siberian Railway. This section connects China with Russia and provides a shorter route to Vladivostok.
The Trans-Siberian Railway was believed to be one of the reasons Russia lost the war in the Russo-Japanese War of 1904-5, seeing as how the train was only a single track train, and for that reason, could only travel in one direction, slowing down necessary supplies, troops, and ammunition needed for battle, but in World War II, the railway played a very important role, serving as the essential link between Japan and Germany.

Some of the effects of the railway include a great boost to Siberian agriculture, helping immensely with exports to Europe and within central Russia, and it also became the main source of travel for peasant-migrants coming from the Western parts of Ukraine and Russia; roughly four million peasants arrived in Siberia between 1906 and 1914.

Today, the railway remains the most important link for transportation in Russia and nearly 30% of exports travel on its line. The railway has also become a popular tourist destination, but most of its use still comes from its domestic passengers. A ride on the Trans-Siberian Railway is truly an unforgettable experience as you pass through gorgeous, sprawling scenery and view the unique beauty of Russia, China, and Mongolia from the comfort of your seat.

Trans-Ocean Cruises – Endless Choices

Cruising has always been touted as the ideal vacation because it showcases several different destinations without you having to unpack more than once – but more and more cruise passengers are discovering the joys of what they now call “trans-ocean” cruises where the majority of time is spent at sea.

In the past, passengers who relished such journeys tended to be more seasoned travelers who enjoy the time spent at sea and who have either visited the other destinations already or have no interest in doing so again. Nowadays, passengers are realizing the benefits of those days at sea – more time to relax and be entertained and recharge the batteries!

“What can be more relaxing than knowing there is absolutely nothing to do and nowhere to be,” comments Sandra Essar about her 15 day trans-Atlantic cruise with Windstar Cruises from Fort Lauderdale to Lisbon. “Not a port in site! Just lots of room to read, relax and indulge in the good stuff like champagne and too much gourmet food!”

Of course, this kind of cruise vacation would horrify some cruisers, but as Todd McCarthy on a North Atlantic crossing testifies, “I like to barge about visiting new places every day – but I have to admit – not having anywhere to go WAS kinda relaxing. I couldn’t even get my cell phone to work!”

The atmosphere on a trans-ocean or repositioning cruise is completely different to that of a regular cruise. It is obviously more relaxed, usually more low-key, and passengers have more time to connect with each other. Entertainment is about sharing the giant jigsaw with fellow guests, of taking a whole afternoon to peruse the books and videos in the library, taking the time the next morning to really complete the daily crossword and still have to walk the deck loop 8 times before lunch!

On a trans-ocean or repositioning cruise the destination is not the next port on the itinerary – the destination is the cruise ship itself.

The good news about trans-ocean or repositioning cruises is that they are invariably cheaper than most cruises with lots of ports of call. The bad news is that because departure and arrival ports are often on completely different continents, getting there and back again is not always very easy or inexpensive. Cost saving round-trip airfares are just not feasible.

The “transatlantic” cruise is the main type of so called trans-ocean cruises in which cruise lines typically relocate cruise ships after a summer spell in Europe or a winter schedule in the Caribbean. East bound cruises take place in the spring, west bound cruises in the Fall.

But there’s a lot more on offer now.

While Cunard Line used to be the only company that offered regularly scheduled transatlantic crossings – many cruise lines, like Princess Cruises, Royal Caribbean International and Holland America Line have numerous ships crossing the Atlantic or the Pacific in the spring, from ports in North and South America, heading back to the Americas in the fall.

Other cruises with more days at sea include those repositioning from the Caribbean to Alaska and usually take place in the spring and the fall. These cruises don’t just hug the coast of Canada and the USA but often take in a spell across the Pacific to Hawaii offering yet again the chance to relax during several days at sea.

Other repositioning cruises offer a variety of itineraries as ships locate around the globe. From Alaska to Asia, from Hawaii to Australia – the choices are endless.

Facts About The Trans Siberian Railway

The Trans Siberian railway is one of the world’s classic and most well known train journeys. It is the longest point to point rail trip currently in existence, it covers a massive amount of territory from the Pacific coast at Vladivostok all the way to the edge of Europe in Moscow. Along the journey the carriages traverse taiga, steppes, and the Ural Mountains, in total a distance of almost ten thousand kilometres.

The trip is not just any ordinary rail journey, it is a world and adventure in itself. The Trans Siberian is loved by rail enthusiasts, adventurers, and those in search of romance and discovery. Memories of the trip are carried for life by those fortunate enough to have been a passenger.

Unlike the images we often see in the media, on the Trans Siberian you will discover the true essence of the world’s biggest country. Most of the passengers are Russians who are far from being aloof and cold as they were often depicted in old propaganda, today you will find warmth and hospitality no matter whether taking lunch, drinking in the bar, or simply lazing in your carriage with other passengers.

There are many reasons why people choose to travel the Trans Siberian. If you are considering booking tickets, check out these following suggestions as to why the journey has become and continues to be one of the most popular anywhere on the planet. To start with there is the name itself, it conjures up a mystique all of its own. Imagine how amazed and jealous your friends and colleagues will be when you tell them you are taking a trip on the Trans Siberian express, open jawed expressions would greet your plans.

With the option of choosing to also travel the Trans Mongolian and Trans Manchurian lines you can get a taste of China and Mongolia as well as Russia. The experience would allow you a deep understanding of these ancient cultures in a way which would not be possible if you were simply to fly in. Where else can you spend time sitting next to a Cossack, a Mongolian Buddhist lama, and at the end of your trip, smart dressed Chinese business people. The friends and contacts that will be made will last a lifetime.

Siberia in itself is a majestic land and one that is full of stunning vistas and breathtaking panoramas. This timeless and yet vast territory is one that is relatively untouched by the modern world, very few places on our planet can still be termed as natural and unchanged as Siberia.

Another reason for booking yourself a berth on this train is that you can make a stop off at Lake Baikal. This is the largest, as well as deepest, freshwater lake anywhere on the planet. It is a supremely beautiful and awe inspiring location that can be a great place to unwind.

If you want to see a huge area of the world for a relatively inexpensive price, the Trans Siberian is the way to travel. Just be warned you may end up hooked and want to come back the same way again.

The Trans-Mongolian Railway: A Myth-Shattering Journey

The Trans-Siberian railway is probably the most well-known rail journey in the world. It is perhaps also the most misunderstood. The most common misconception stems from the name itself. Many’s the traveller who has started out with the idea of ‘doing the Trans-Siberian’ – and ended up doing something rather different. The actual Trans-Siberian railway stretches 5000km from Moscow to Vladivostok, on the east coast of Russia. Approximately three-quarters along the way, just after the Siberian city of Irkutsk, a line branches off to the south, crosses Mongolia, enters northern China and arrives in Beijing. This is the journey most tourists take, and is more accurately known by a different name: the Trans-Mongolian.

There are three main reasons why the Trans-Mongolian route is more popular than the Trans-Siberian: (a) there’s a heck of a lot more to do in Beijing than in Vladivostok, (b) the possibilities of onward travel from Vladivostok – basically the ferry to Japan or an about-turn – are somewhat limited, and (c) it passes through Mongolia, one of the world’s most fascinating countries.

The standard direction of travel is to start in Moscow and head east, but we – my partner Christiane and I – began our Trans-Mongolian journey in Beijing. As we were ticketless (misconception no. 2: many tourists buy their tickets well in advance through a travel agency, when it is actually much cheaper – and reasonably straightforward – to buy tickets on the spot) our first port of call was the Chinese state travel agency, CITS. In ten minutes we had parted with 1200 RMB (roughly £120) each in exchange for a ticket for the first leg of our journey: to Ulaan Baatar, the capital of Mongolia.

(Misconception no. 3: there is no Trans-Mongolian train service – or Trans-Siberian for that matter, despite holiday brochures advertising the ‘Trans-Siberian Express’. It is simply a stretch of railway, and there are hundreds of different trains which travel on it. Attempting to buy a ticket for the Trans-Mongolian to Ulaan Baatar would be akin to going to London Euston and asking for the Trans-Britain Express to Milton Keynes).

So, armed with our tickets, backpacks and a bag stuffed with provisions, we boarded the train. The first task – locating our cabin – was achieved without too much trouble. The second was to acquaint ourselves with our cabin-mates. We’d booked second-class tickets which meant sharing our cabin with two others, and as we’d be spending the next 30 hours together I thought it would be nice if we got on. They could speak no English, but their friendly smiles and attempts at communication boded well.

So far so good. Except for one thing: the heat. I was sweating profusely, and this was 7 in the morning. It soon became apparent that the air conditioning was out of service. To the Mongolians, the answer to this problem was simple: to remove all possible layers of clothing. Thus we were treated to the surreal sight of gangs of Mongolian men roaming up and down the train in their underpants. Unfortunately modesty prevented me from joining in which, given that it was mid-summer and the washing facilities can only be described as basic, was not a good thing – for me or my cabin-mates.

(Misconception no. 4: a journey on the Trans-Mongolian – or Trans-Siberian – railway is no luxury trip. Holiday brochures tend to paint it as a close cousin to the Orient Express. In fact it is much more prosaic. Having said that, the cabins are fairly roomy, clean sheets are provided and the corridors are cleaned daily. The biggest problem is the lack of showering facilities – any attempt at an all-over wash requires incredible feats of contortion in the washroom cubicle.)

My first Trans-Mongolian day came and went in a flash (misconception no. 5: some people are put off by the prospect of going stir crazy with boredom. In fact, most passengers find that time passes surprisingly quickly – although obviously a good book or two can help) and I was soon ready for an early night. So it was with somewhat imperfect timing that we arrived at the Mongolian border. Border procedures are, to put it mildly, a tedious affair. There are forms to be filled, passports to be checked, the whole train has to be searched for contraband or stowaways, and to top it all off, the whole procedure has to be carried out twice – at both sides of the border.

Day 2, and by mid-afternoon we arrived at our first stop: Ulaan Baatar. I said goodbye to my cabin-mates and hello to a new country – and a whole new world. Mongolia (misconception no. 6: there is no Outer Mongolia. Mongolia was annexed by China in the 17th century. While the northern half of Mongolia managed to gain independence in 1911, the southern half remained in China and became the province known as Inner Mongolia. The Chinese then took to referring to the independent state of Mongolia as Outer Mongolia) has to be one of the most intriguing countries on Earth. The capital itself, while possessing a certain unpolished charm, is nothing to write home about. The countryside is the attraction, and after a couple of days in Ulaan Baatar we had arranged ourselves a 12-day jeep tour. With two other tourists and a local driver/guide, we were off to explore ‘the land with no fences’.

(At this stage I must confess a misconception of my own. I had assumed that Mongolian nomadic culture was a thing of the past – something kept up in small rural pockets, perhaps, but nothing more. In fact, outside of the capital nomads are the rule rather than the exception. There is no land ownership, few roads, and even fewer buildings – just swathes and swathes of beautiful countryside dotted with nomadic families and their herds of animals.)

Our tour took in ancient Buddhist monasteries, rolling sand dunes, volcanic mountains, alpine lakes with water so clear you can see for yards and yards, traditional throat singers, horse riding, and much, much more. We stayed in nomad families’ gers, the traditional round white tents that are packed up and reassembled when the families move on to new land every six months or so, and revelled in the hospitality of these warm, friendly people. After 12 rewarding days we returned to Ulaan Baatar and made preparations for the second leg of our journey – to the Siberian city of Irkutsk.

This was undoubtedly the slowest of all our Trans-Mongolian journeys, lasting almost two days. Much of the time was taken up at the Russian border, which made the Mongolian-Chinese border procedures seem like a model of efficiency. It didn’t help that entire train had to be raised while the bogies were changed, as Russian railways operate on different gauges from those in China and Mongolia.

Irkutsk was once known as the Paris of Siberia. While it’s plain that the simile was coined in a previous age, it still has a certain appeal. A relaxed city, with tree-lined boulevards and plenty of wooden houses remaining, it can occupy two or three days of anybody’s time. Ideally a longer stay should be planned, one which allows a side-trip to one of the world’s natural wonders: Lake Baikal.

Lake Baikal is the deepest lake in the world and an ecologist’s paradise, remote and relatively untouched by modern civilisation. There are a couple of lakeside towns not far from Irkutsk, but I chose enchanting Olkhon Island, seven hours away by bus. With no electricity or running water there was little to distract me from the natural beauty of the crystal-clear waters, pristine beaches, and stunning cliffs. After seven days of relaxing and communing with nature, my batteries were well and truly recharged and we headed back to Irkutsk to prepare for the next leg of our journey. Although there is no real unmissable highlight in the Russian interior between Irkutsk and Moscow it seemed a shame to cover all that distance without stopping off and sampling the local way of life, and we were planning on a stopover every 24 hours or so.

(Misconception no. 7: some think the only proper way to do the Trans-Mongolian is non-stop. That’s five days – seven on the Trans-Siberian – without a shower, and no open space bar the stations. On the last leg of my journey we encountered some rather bedraggled tourists on day 5 of their non-stop trip – which they certainly wouldn’t be repeating).

Back in Irkutsk, and we had a tough task ahead: a visit to the station booking office. Buying train tickets in Russia is a tad less straightforward than in Beijing or Ulaan Baatar. However, having written our requirements down in Cyrillic beforehand, and armed with a phrasebook and copious supplies of patience – the Russian penchant for queuing is unfortunately not a misconception – I managed to purloin second-class tickets to Krasnoyarsk, approximately 18 hours east.

(Misconception no. 8: most all-inclusive tour prices include first class tickets. In fact, except for having two berths per cabin instead of four there is not a great deal of difference between first class (SV) and second (Kupe). As Kupe prices are roughly half those of SV, second class is easily the best value. Besides, whilst having a cabin to yourself might seem an attractive proposition, one of the highlights of the Trans-Mongolian is the different characters you meet along the way.)

Krasnoyarsk can be considered a microcosm of the huge changes which have taken place since the collapse of the Soviet Union. Closed to foreigners in Soviet times, it now attracts significant inward investment. Sharp-suited western businessmen mingled around us as we checked into the Hotel Krasnoyarsk. A pleasant city on a relaxing scale, we spent one night and day here before a 20 hour journey to our next stop, Yekaterinburg.

Slightly larger than Krasnoyarsk, Yekaterinburg is known mainly for two reasons: the murder of the Romanovs, Russia’s last ruling family, as they hid after fleeing Moscow; and the place where Boris Yeltsin cut his political teeth as mayor in the 1960’s (and where he was responsible for covering up the discovery of the Romanovs’ remains). In more recent times it has also been known as being a hotbed of mafia activity, but – aside from being frisked with a metal detector as I entered an Italian restaurant – I saw only a confident and peaceful city in our short stay.

After Yekaterinburg we had one more stop before Moscow, at the Golden Ring town of Vladimir. The Golden Ring encompasses the towns and cities around Moscow which have held positions of power at various points in history. Vladimir is one of the best examples, and we spent two nights exploring it and the neighbouring town of Suzdal, a World Heritage Site in its entirety. Here, as in all our stopovers, we found a hotel room on the spot. However, some might prefer to book ahead as decent accommodation in Russia is generally in short supply. It’s not especially cheap either: in the interior an en-suite double will set you back 1500-2000 Roubles (£30-£40), while prices in Moscow & St Petersburg are on a par with Western capitals.

(Misconception no. 9: contrary to some expectations, Russia is generally not a cheap country to travel in. Our hotel room in Krasnoyarsk cost four times that in Beijing. As the hotel manager pointed out to me in brusque fashion after I queried the price, it’s a former world superpower – not a third world country.).

Finally we arrived in Moscow, and with some sadness disembarked for the final time. In four weeks we’d travelled 6000km and spent 130 hours on the railway. We’d shared food, drink and tales with people of many nations, and watched the scenery change from the Great Wall of China, through the sandstorms of the Gobi desert, Siberian taiga forest, the foothills of the Urals, and finally the churches and cathedrals of the Golden Ring. And we still had Moscow, scene of so much history, ahead of me.

Top Ten Ways to Manage Profit at Your Online or Community Pharmacy

An online or community pharmacy must be carefully managed for optimum profitability; occasionally, changes to business processes and marketing strategies should be implemented in order to open up new streams of income, while also improving the success of promotional activities. If you’re looking for ways to make more money through your drugstore, you’ll appreciate these top ten tips for managing profit:

10.) Diversify- Open up your business to new customers by adding holistic herbal products to your inventory. For example, if you currently sell OTC pain relievers, prescription medications, and conventional health aids, why not begin offering your clientele herbal supplements that treat health care conditions in a more holistic way? There is a big market for alternative medicines, and herbal remedies are now more popular than ever before.

9.) Cross-Sell -Make the most of your inventory by using cross-selling techniques to bundle related products. For example, if you’re running an online pharmacy, make sure that your checkout area is programmed with sections that show complementary items. “Bundle” vitamins with delicious herbal teas, prescription medications with special pill boxes that help people to keep their tablets organized, and so on. Offering a few percent off the total price on cross-sold goods is an excellent way to add appeal to this sales technique. People often buy impulsively at the checkout, so cross-selling is an excellent way to boost your profits quickly.

8.) Use Social Media- Create a buzz by promoting your pharmacy on the hottest social networking platforms, such as Google+, Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn, Tumblr and Pinterest. If you promote properly, the investment of time and energy that you put into reaching out to customers at these websites will definitely pay off. Add photos, blog posts, status updates, and special offers to tempt new buyers, and always respond to any feedback as soon as possible.

7.) Analyze Your Sales- Successful health care entrepreneurs never rest on their laurels; instead, they stay on top of things by analyzing their sales numbers and figuring out exactly which products are most appealing to their clients. To offer people what they really want, check all of your sales records to pinpoint buying trends. Then, consider offering different versions of the items that people buy the most.

6.) Target Your Ideal Customer- Business research doesn’t stop with sales analyses; you must also use market research to profile your ideal customer. Knowing who’s buying from your pharmacy is the key to marketing effectively and stocking your drugstore properly. Use client information to find out where your ideal customer lives and what his or her needs are. Then, market to that demographic or segment.

5.) Become an Expert- Position yourself as an expert in the pharmacy world by writing articles about pharmacy products, offering health care advice, or speaking to your local community. Becoming an expert builds your public profile and creates more trust and rapport with new and existing clientele.

4.) Create a Smart Phone-friendly Website- Today, many shoppers check out businesses online before they buy, and they often use their smartphones to browse the World Wide Web. If your pharmacy website isn’t compatible with a range of electronic devices, including smart phones, it’s time to hire a web development firm that knows how to create a smart phone-friendly environment at your url.

3.) Freshen Your Website Graphics- Nothing is more unappealing than a dated, dusty-looking website that doesn’t have any of the bells and whistles. If you don’t freshen up your graphics to stay current, your customers will soon lose interest. The best pharmacy entrepreneurs know how to adapt to change and keep things interesting; these savvy owner/managers always outsource for the hottest new web design graphics.

2.) Build More Interactivity into Your Pharmacy Web Pages- Whether you’re selling pharmacological products from a community or online pharmacy, you must still offer a business website that acts as a virtual calling card for your company. By building more interactivity into every web page on your website, you’ll create the right atmosphere for success. Hire a web design firm and ask them to add sharing buttons for social media, comment fields, and message boards to boost the appeal and interactivity of your website.

1.) Support a Charity- Your pharmacy is all about the health and wellness of your clients; with this in mind, why not support a charity that also promotes these values? By joining with a reputable and registered charity and donating money and/or time, you will create plenty of publicity and lots of goodwill towards your company. Often, donating to charity is much cheaper than paying for ads, and it’s so fulfilling. Meet prospective clients at local charity events, or donate online and enjoy a better public image that will build your brand.

How Much Does a Pharmacy Technician Earn?

Average earning of a particular profession is perhaps one of the most important parameters that help you decide in favor of or against it. And why shouldn’t it be? Who wouldn’t like to take back home decent wages at the end of a hard day’s work? After all, money plays a vital role in shaping the standard of your life. It is important for securing your family’s and your own future. So, whoever said money should not be a consideration while choosing a career has probably never lived without it.

If you are exploring a pharmacy technician career, then this question must be at the top of your head. We’re here to help answer some of your questions regarding how much they earn on an average.

However, before we get into details about pharmacy techs pay, it’s important to understand what the job entails. Because just like money is important, so is enjoying what you do for a living!

Pharmacy Technician Career

Let’s start with what pharmacy technicians can’t do or rather are not supposed to do. They are absolutely forbidden from giving medical advice to patients who visit their pharmacies. They are not qualified to do so; hence they should resist the urge to not just offer medical advice, but also guide patients on what medication may work better for their condition irrespective of how knowledgeable and experienced they think they are.

Although the duties and responsibilities of a them may vary depending on the type of facility they’re employed in, but in general their day-to-day work involves:

Receiving prescriptions and verifying them for accuracy
Filling prescription medications and labeling them correctly
Preparing intravenous mixtures under supervision
Assisting the pharmacist in inventory management
Answering telephone queries from patients
Storing drugs in a safe and secure manner
Maintaining patient records for reference
Preparing and processing insurance claim forms
Interfacing with customers who visit the store
Operating cash register at checkout
Pharmacy Technician Training

It’s best to start training for a pharmacy technician career in high school itself by taking courses in math, biology, chemistry, computers, etc.

Once you’ve laid the ground by taking appropriate courses in high school, you can choose between a college degree and a vocational pharmacy technician course offered at career schools. A college degree will require a minimum of two years for completion, while a career training course can be completed in a matter of few months.

What’s important is to get certified at the end of your academic study or pharmacy technician training program. Although certification is a hundred percent voluntary, having it just enhances your credibility and with it your job prospects. Certifying examinations are held by organizations like the Pharmacy Technician Certification Board (PTCB) and the Institute for the Certification of Pharmacy Technicians (ICPT).

Pharmacy technician training should ideally include hands-on experience working in a pharmacy. This training could be incorporated in the curriculum of your pharmacy technician program or you may have to request for an intern position at your local pharmacy.

Pharmacy Technician Pay

The exact earnings of a pharmacy tech depend to a great extent on not just the type of facility he or she is employed in, but also other factors like:

Skill-level
Experience
Certification
Location
The average hourly wages of a pharmacy technician range from $8.03 – $15.56.1 Those who work for a franchise may earn between $7.86 and $13.87 per hour, while pharmacy techs employed in hospitals take home about $9.49 – $19.02. 2

When it comes to experience-level, pharmacy techs with less than one year of experience earn $7.68 – $13.36 per hour, while those with 5-9 years of experience make $9.17 – $17.27 per hour.3

Pharmacy Technician Schools – Things You Should Know

Being a pharmacy technician is quite demanding especially since you are supposed to have enough knowledge of all the types of drugs available, including the latest ones. Also, you have to understand the current laws governing this profession. It is also a must that you understand the existing insurance practices. So, for you to succeed in this career, you have to find the best pharmacy technician training schools. Having enough training before you venture into this industry will help you to cut an edge over the others. Training is also important because it gives you enough skills to do your work well.

So if you really want to become effective in your work as a technician in the medical field, you have to study hard and acquire all the necessary skills. The good thing is that there are many pharmacy technician schools that provide quality training. But before you join any institution for a course in pharmacy technology there are several important things that you have to aware of. Once you have understood these aspects it will be easier for you to become the technologist that you have always wanted. This passage strives to provide you with some of these aspects so that your search for the right institution can be successful.

Points to Note about Pharmacy Technician Schools

• Thorough preparation: Because of the demanding nature of this job, it is imperative that you get enough exposure before venturing into the industry. You have to familiarize yourself with the requirements for this task. This can only be achieved through formal training in a good school. These institutions are important in preparing individuals who wish to venture into this challenging field of medicine. You have to note that even though pharmacy technicians are in demand, more qualified technologists are very much needed.

• Accreditation: If you wish to become a more reliable technologist, you should and must have the right accreditations. These include things like certificates, licenses, recommendations, approval, and so on. The truth is that you cannot get these accreditations without having undergone proper training. Therefore, you should always ensure that the pharmacy technician schools that you consider are credible enough to give you good certificates. Always go for the well established institutions because they are more reliable. Remember, if you do not get the right certificates you won’t the right job.

• Earn more: Having enough training in a credible institution gives you confidence to work in any kind of environment. This in turn gives you a chance to prove your experience to your employers, giving you a better chance of being promoted or given a pay increment. These schools will help you to gain experience in pharmacy technology and thus become the most sought after technologist in your state.

All About Pharmacy Technician Schools

In many countries today, healthcare industry employment continues even while other industries falter, making a health service job a good choice for anyone considering a new career.

Pharmacy technician jobs are one of the main positions seeing drastic increases with hiring expected to increase as much as 25 percent over the next few years. This is a great opportunity for anyone with good attention to detail to consider a career as a Pharmacy Technician or `PT`, especially since it is possible to complete certification programs at reputable pharmacy technician schools in as little as two years and get into a well-paying job soon afterward.

Different Types of Pharmacy Technician Schools

In the US and Canada, some PT jobs do not require any certification or schooling although most do. Those who have schooling and certification are definitely preferable for positions, however, making schooling something that anyone looking at a career as a PT should consider very seriously.

In all likelihood, more jobs will move toward requiring certification as well, so skipping the education may reduce job hire and advancement opportunity.

Pharmacy Technician education is available in programs that last anywhere from 6 months to two years or more, depending on the depth of training.

Like many other medical training and technical programs, the shorter programs give a basic, fundamental overview of what to expect on the job and general education relating to basic pharmacology, pharmacology law, pharmacology records, inventory, labeling, ordering and many other relevant topics to working in a retail pharmacy environment.

Courses and diploma programs

Students that attend the shorter programs usually earn a Pharmacy Technician Certificate for completion of the program, but have no actual approved certifications.

Longer courses offered by schools include specialized diploma programs and Associates Degree courses that last between about 12 months to 24 months.

Diploma programs are great for students who already have some healthcare service experience and want to move into a position as a PT, as well as those entering the field new.

Study usually includes all that is mentioned above, plus pharmacology in more detail, dosage calculation, mixing medications and others, and usually includes an externship to prepare students to take the certification exam. Students completing a diploma course and passing their certification exam will earn the title of Certified Pharmacy Technician or CPhT.

Associates in Health Sciences with a PT specialty takes two years and is recommended for any individual if there is an interest in both obtaining a college degree, and being able to advance the fastest in their career.

Courses of study are much more in depth and include additional medical subjects. Externships are a required part of the curriculum, as is passing the certification examination. Those with their CPhT and an AS degree stand the best chance of being hired in non-retail pharmacy technician positions, and starting at the highest salaries.

Accredited vocational program

In the UK and many other countries a pharmacy technician is required to complete both an accredited vocational program in pharmacy services and a pharmaceutical science program, and must be registered with numerous UK healthcare organizations.

Courses of study include that which is mentioned above, as well as medicines management for patients and training in running and assisting in hospital clinics and more.

Please note however, in the UK there is a difference between a pharmacy technician and a pharmacy dispenser, with the former having more vocational and educational requirements.

Interested individuals are advised to contact local professional organizations in order to get additional details about attending school to become a PT such as which are the best courses and whether they offer job placement and financial aid.

In the US, contact the American Association of Pharmacy Technicians (AAPA) or the Pharmacy Technician Certification Board (PTCB), in the UK contact the General Pharmaceutical Council (GPC) and in Canada the Canadian Association of Pharmacy Technicians (CAPT) to name a few.

Employment After Attending PT Schools

There are actually many more employment opportunities for PTs than most people assume. While the majority of jobs are in retail pharmacy positions there are much more specialized career options for pharmacy techs with the right training.

Hospitals, medication manufacturing and packing companies, medication compounding pharmacies, nursing homes, psychiatric facilities and any type of medical facility that either fills medication prescriptions or dispenses medications directly to patients make use of pharmacy technicians.

These positions can be very rewarding, and tend to pay more as well. Certain qualified technicians also have the ability to counsel consumers and patients on the use of their medications, as well as answer medication questions.

In any case, attending schools that offer the most detailed training and externships, and prepare students to become Certified Pharmacy Technicians are highly recommended for anyone interested in a career in healthcare services that pays well and offers plenty of room for advancement.

Know About Pharmacy Technicians

Pharmacy Technicians are these individuals, who assist licensed Pharmacists to manage and run a pharmacy. Their basic job duties include, safe and effective serving of the customers, provide medications to customers and patients, inform them about various effects and side effects of the drugs, handle cash counter, label the drug bottles and perform numerous other regular pharmacy works.

They work in different types of pharmacies, such as drug stores, retail pharmacies, chain pharmacies and hospital pharmacies. They are also well versed with state and federal pharmacy laws, rules and regulations for effective and safe serving of the patients.

In order to work in a Pharmacy, formal education is not necessary and on-the job training is sufficient. But, appropriate certification, degree, certificate and diploma offer, better career opportunities and lucrative salary. Moreover, the continuous scientific advancement in medical sciences and discoveries of new life saving drugs have also spurted greater demand of medications for sound health cares. Such advancements have also led to the mushrooming of pharmacies all over the country. These drug store owners and hospital medication stores also seek well qualified, trained and efficient technicians to work in their Pharmacy.

A medical store technician can avail different types of Pharmacy training programs from various community colleges, schools and trade schools. Even, numerous online courses are available for obtaining various pharmacy degrees. The duration of training program ranges from less than a year to two years. The training program consists of classroom and on-the job trainings.

The Certification is offered by PTCB and to earn this certification, it is necessary for the pharmacy personnel to pass the competency evaluation test of the certification board. The eligibility of Pharmacy Technician Certification Board certification is high school degree and no felony conviction within 5 years of applying for the certification.

The average pharmacy technician wage is $25,000 to $40,000, depending upon the qualification, education, training and experience. The hourly salary can be estimated at $ 9 to $17.

All You Need to Know About Pharmacy Programs

The pharmaceutical industry is one of the most lucrative and numerous fields such that people decide to start a career in this field every single day, and for good reasons. If you want to find out more about this topic and see if a pharmaceutical career would be suitable for you, read below for all you need to know about pharmacy programs.

• You can enroll in a college that offers pharmacy programs immediately after finishing high school. You also have the option of transferring from another college, provided that you have completed a few prerequisite courses with a curriculum similar to the ones followed at the college offering the pharmacy programs. The prerequisite courses revolve around topics such as chemistry, biology, calculus, and physics.

• The application form for pharmacy programs can be easily downloaded online. Students interested in applying have to fill it out and send it via mail post to the college offering the program, before a predetermined a deadline. Each institution that offers pharmacy programs establishes its own requirements for admission, so make sure you study them thoroughly before applying. The most common requirement is having a certain GPA (Grade Point Average), usually above 2.5. Additionally, most colleges will also require students to pass an exam called the Pharmacy College Admissions Test, or PCAT for short, before they are allowed to enroll in the program.

• A professional pharmacy program will award you the degree of Doctor of Pharmacy (Pharm. D) upon successful completion of the courses. The program lasts for six years and it is divided in two sections: the first two years include pre pharmacy training course, while the remaining four years focus on professional pharmaceutical training. Transfer students from other teaching institutions will be able to enroll directly in the second section of the program.

• Throughout the six years of pharmacy programs, students will gain expertise on topics such as prescription and over-the-counter drugs, uses of medications, doses and times of administration, adverse reactions and side effects, as well as various mixtures of medicines. Pharmacy professionals will be able to work in drug stores, pharmacies, hospitals, medical facilities, department stores, or general merchandise stores.

• After completing the program and receiving the Doctor of Pharmacy degree, students will be able to schedule their examination with the pharmacy licensing board in order to obtain their license and to be able to practice as a pharmacist. Passing this exam is an absolute requirement in all states of the US and it is called the North American Pharmacist Licensure Examination (NAPLEX).

• Some pharmacy programs allow students in their sixth and final year multiple specialization options. Students can choose between Pharmacy Care, Pharmaceutical Sciences, or Health Service Research.

These are the most important things anyone wishing to attend pharmacy programs should know about. Becoming a professional pharmacist can be a very rewarding career choice. So if you are not sure what path you want to take in life, make sure you give this option some consideration; it might just be exactly what you are looking for.